Two cross-sections of the Sinai Peninsula are presented a little bit further below. The first cuts across the interior between the southernmost point, Ras Mohammed (S), and Lake Bardawil (N) on the north coast. The other cross-section is along the line between the city of el-Tur (W) on the west coast (Gulf of Suez) and the city of Nuweiba (E) on the east coast (Gulf of Aqaba). The two slices cross in the centre of the mountainous south at Egypt’s highest peak, Jebel Katarina (2642 m). Although the graphs are not 100% accurate (the elevations shown are a bit off), nevertheless they give a good picture of the topography of Sinai. You can clearly see the different regions, the flood plains, the high mountain region, the sandy belt and the Tih Plateau. Some of the better known landmarks are shown on the maps and elevation profiles. Cross-section I goes through both South and North Sinai. Unfortunately travel in North Sinai is not permitted at present (although the Zaranik Protectorate, an important bird sanctuary at Lake Bardawil, could be of interest), but south of the rim of the Tih Plateau the interior of South Sinai is safe and welcomes visitors. Cross-section II falls entirely within South Sinai, and it more or less corresponds the the classic Coast to Coast trek running between Ras Shaitan and el-Tur. (Click on images to see them in bigger size!)
Cross section I: Ras Mohammed – Lake Bardawil
Cross section II: El-Tur – Nuweiba
Create your own cross-section elevation profile:
If you don’t have it yet, download Google Earth and install it, it’s great fun! Then follow the steps.
Image 1: choose a region and click “Add Path”. Image 2: mark a starting point (1) and a finishing point (2) and click OK (3). Image 3: select path from menu, right click, then click on “Show Elevation Profile”. Image 4: Now you have the elevation profile – the more you zoom in the map, the more detailed it will be. Image 5: If you didn’t guess what the example used here is, now it all becomes clear.